SuCComBase

Sulfur Containing Compound Database

SCC Gene Description

Gene name GSTU20
AGI ID AT1G78370
Gene length 217
Uniprot ID Q8L7C9
Protein Name Glutathione S-transferase U20
Synonym ATGSTU20
EC number EC 2.5.1.18
Entrez Gene 844173
Refseq mrna NM_106484
Refseq protein NP_177958
Function GST-type enzymes may be involved in an enzyme complex formed by CYP83s and C-S lyase. The S-alkylthiohydroximate formed after CYP83-catalyzed aldoxime oxidation and spontaneous conjugation to cysteine is cyclized in vitro to form a dead-end product. Hence metabolic channeling aided by GST-type enzymes is postulated in vivo to avoid this consequence the dead-end product. The two putative GST genes (At3g03190 and At1g78370) could be candidates coding for such an activity (Hirai et al. 2005)
Group GSL core structure synthesis
Reference Hirai et al. (2005); Hirai et al. (2007)
Organism AGI ID Gene Name Protein Name Identity E-Value Description

Broccoli

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

89

3.00E-134

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

89

5.00E-134

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

73

3.00E-108

Broccoli

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

73

3.00E-108

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

69

6.00E-100

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

67

2.00E-99

Papaya

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

65

1.00E-98

Broccoli

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

66

1.00E-96

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

66

4.00E-96

Broccoli

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

64

5.00E-96

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

64

5.00E-95

Broccoli

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

60

3.00E-94

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

62

2.00E-93

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

62

3.00E-93

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

62

7.00E-93

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

64

1.00E-92

Papaya

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

61

2.00E-91

Broccoli

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

63

9.00E-90

Broccoli

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

63

2.00E-89

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

62

2.00E-89

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

59

3.00E-84

Broccoli

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

58

2.00E-80

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

58

1.00E-79

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

65

4.00E-78

Papaya

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

54

6.00E-78

Papaya

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

61

2.00E-77

Papaya

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

53

3.00E-77

Papaya

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

59

1.00E-76

Broccoli

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

57

7.00E-76

Papaya

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

59

2.00E-74

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

56

1.00E-72

Cabbage

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

53

2.00E-72

Broccoli

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

53

3.00E-72

Broccoli

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

51

8.00E-63

Papaya

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

49

9.00E-60

Papaya

AT1G78370

GSTU20

Glutathione S-transferase U20

57

1.00E-54

GO ID Ontology GO Term Description

GO:0004364

MF

glutathione transferase activity

Catalysis of the reaction: R-X + glutathione = H-X + R-S-glutathione. R may be an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic group; X may be a sulfate, nitrile or halide group.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005829

CC

cytosol

The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.

GO:0006749

BP

glutathione metabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins; it has a specific rol

GO:0009407

BP

toxin catabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of toxin, a poisonous compound (typically a protein) that is produced by cells or organisms and that can cause disease when introduced into the body or tissues of an organism.

GO:0009507

CC

chloroplast

A chlorophyll-containing plastid with thylakoids organized into grana and frets, or stroma thylakoids, and embedded in a stroma.

GO:0009735

BP

response to cytokinin

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cytokinin stimulus.

GO:0019899

MF

enzyme binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any enzyme.

GO:0040008

BP

regulation of growth

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the growth of all or part of an organism so that it occurs at its proper speed, either globally or in a specific part of the organism's development.

GO:0048046

CC

apoplast

The cell membranes and intracellular regions in a plant are connected through plasmodesmata, and plants may be described as having two major compartments: the living symplast and the non-living apoplast. The apoplast is external to the plasma membrane and

GO:2000030

BP

regulation of response to red or far red light

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of response to red or far red light.

GO:0004364

MF

glutathione transferase activity

Catalysis of the reaction: R-X + glutathione = H-X + R-S-glutathione. R may be an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic group; X may be a sulfate, nitrile or halide group.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005829

CC

cytosol

The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.

GO:0006749

BP

glutathione metabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins; it has a specific rol

GO:0009407

BP

toxin catabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of toxin, a poisonous compound (typically a protein) that is produced by cells or organisms and that can cause disease when introduced into the body or tissues of an organism.

GO:0009507

CC

chloroplast

A chlorophyll-containing plastid with thylakoids organized into grana and frets, or stroma thylakoids, and embedded in a stroma.

GO:0009735

BP

response to cytokinin

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cytokinin stimulus.

GO:0019899

MF

enzyme binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any enzyme.

GO:0040008

BP

regulation of growth

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the growth of all or part of an organism so that it occurs at its proper speed, either globally or in a specific part of the organism's development.

GO:0048046

CC

apoplast

The cell membranes and intracellular regions in a plant are connected through plasmodesmata, and plants may be described as having two major compartments: the living symplast and the non-living apoplast. The apoplast is external to the plasma membrane and

GO:2000030

BP

regulation of response to red or far red light

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of response to red or far red light.

GO:0004364

MF

glutathione transferase activity

Catalysis of the reaction: R-X + glutathione = H-X + R-S-glutathione. R may be an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic group; X may be a sulfate, nitrile or halide group.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005829

CC

cytosol

The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.

GO:0006749

BP

glutathione metabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins; it has a specific rol

GO:0009407

BP

toxin catabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of toxin, a poisonous compound (typically a protein) that is produced by cells or organisms and that can cause disease when introduced into the body or tissues of an organism.

GO:0009507

CC

chloroplast

A chlorophyll-containing plastid with thylakoids organized into grana and frets, or stroma thylakoids, and embedded in a stroma.

GO:0009735

BP

response to cytokinin

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cytokinin stimulus.

GO:0019899

MF

enzyme binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any enzyme.

GO:0040008

BP

regulation of growth

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the growth of all or part of an organism so that it occurs at its proper speed, either globally or in a specific part of the organism's development.

GO:0048046

CC

apoplast

The cell membranes and intracellular regions in a plant are connected through plasmodesmata, and plants may be described as having two major compartments: the living symplast and the non-living apoplast. The apoplast is external to the plasma membrane and

GO:2000030

BP

regulation of response to red or far red light

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of response to red or far red light.

GO:0004364

MF

glutathione transferase activity

Catalysis of the reaction: R-X + glutathione = H-X + R-S-glutathione. R may be an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic group; X may be a sulfate, nitrile or halide group.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005829

CC

cytosol

The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.

GO:0006749

BP

glutathione metabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins; it has a specific rol

GO:0009407

BP

toxin catabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of toxin, a poisonous compound (typically a protein) that is produced by cells or organisms and that can cause disease when introduced into the body or tissues of an organism.

GO:0009507

CC

chloroplast

A chlorophyll-containing plastid with thylakoids organized into grana and frets, or stroma thylakoids, and embedded in a stroma.

GO:0009735

BP

response to cytokinin

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cytokinin stimulus.

GO:0019899

MF

enzyme binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any enzyme.

GO:0040008

BP

regulation of growth

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the growth of all or part of an organism so that it occurs at its proper speed, either globally or in a specific part of the organism's development.

GO:0048046

CC

apoplast

The cell membranes and intracellular regions in a plant are connected through plasmodesmata, and plants may be described as having two major compartments: the living symplast and the non-living apoplast. The apoplast is external to the plasma membrane and

GO:2000030

BP

regulation of response to red or far red light

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of response to red or far red light.

GO:0004364

MF

glutathione transferase activity

Catalysis of the reaction: R-X + glutathione = H-X + R-S-glutathione. R may be an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic group; X may be a sulfate, nitrile or halide group.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005829

CC

cytosol

The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.

GO:0006749

BP

glutathione metabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins; it has a specific rol

GO:0009407

BP

toxin catabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of toxin, a poisonous compound (typically a protein) that is produced by cells or organisms and that can cause disease when introduced into the body or tissues of an organism.

GO:0009507

CC

chloroplast

A chlorophyll-containing plastid with thylakoids organized into grana and frets, or stroma thylakoids, and embedded in a stroma.

GO:0009735

BP

response to cytokinin

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cytokinin stimulus.

GO:0019899

MF

enzyme binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any enzyme.

GO:0040008

BP

regulation of growth

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the growth of all or part of an organism so that it occurs at its proper speed, either globally or in a specific part of the organism's development.

GO:0048046

CC

apoplast

The cell membranes and intracellular regions in a plant are connected through plasmodesmata, and plants may be described as having two major compartments: the living symplast and the non-living apoplast. The apoplast is external to the plasma membrane and

GO:2000030

BP

regulation of response to red or far red light

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of response to red or far red light.

GO:0004364

MF

glutathione transferase activity

Catalysis of the reaction: R-X + glutathione = H-X + R-S-glutathione. R may be an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic group; X may be a sulfate, nitrile or halide group.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005829

CC

cytosol

The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.

GO:0006749

BP

glutathione metabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins; it has a specific rol

GO:0009407

BP

toxin catabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of toxin, a poisonous compound (typically a protein) that is produced by cells or organisms and that can cause disease when introduced into the body or tissues of an organism.

GO:0009507

CC

chloroplast

A chlorophyll-containing plastid with thylakoids organized into grana and frets, or stroma thylakoids, and embedded in a stroma.

GO:0009735

BP

response to cytokinin

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cytokinin stimulus.

GO:0019899

MF

enzyme binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any enzyme.

GO:0040008

BP

regulation of growth

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the growth of all or part of an organism so that it occurs at its proper speed, either globally or in a specific part of the organism's development.

GO:0048046

CC

apoplast

The cell membranes and intracellular regions in a plant are connected through plasmodesmata, and plants may be described as having two major compartments: the living symplast and the non-living apoplast. The apoplast is external to the plasma membrane and

GO:2000030

BP

regulation of response to red or far red light

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of response to red or far red light.

GO:0004364

MF

glutathione transferase activity

Catalysis of the reaction: R-X + glutathione = H-X + R-S-glutathione. R may be an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic group; X may be a sulfate, nitrile or halide group.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005829

CC

cytosol

The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.

GO:0006749

BP

glutathione metabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins; it has a specific rol

GO:0009407

BP

toxin catabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of toxin, a poisonous compound (typically a protein) that is produced by cells or organisms and that can cause disease when introduced into the body or tissues of an organism.

GO:0009507

CC

chloroplast

A chlorophyll-containing plastid with thylakoids organized into grana and frets, or stroma thylakoids, and embedded in a stroma.

GO:0009735

BP

response to cytokinin

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cytokinin stimulus.

GO:0019899

MF

enzyme binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any enzyme.

GO:0040008

BP

regulation of growth

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the growth of all or part of an organism so that it occurs at its proper speed, either globally or in a specific part of the organism's development.

GO:0048046

CC

apoplast

The cell membranes and intracellular regions in a plant are connected through plasmodesmata, and plants may be described as having two major compartments: the living symplast and the non-living apoplast. The apoplast is external to the plasma membrane and

GO:2000030

BP

regulation of response to red or far red light

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of response to red or far red light.

GO:0004364

MF

glutathione transferase activity

Catalysis of the reaction: R-X + glutathione = H-X + R-S-glutathione. R may be an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic group; X may be a sulfate, nitrile or halide group.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005829

CC

cytosol

The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.

GO:0006749

BP

glutathione metabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins; it has a specific rol

GO:0009407

BP

toxin catabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of toxin, a poisonous compound (typically a protein) that is produced by cells or organisms and that can cause disease when introduced into the body or tissues of an organism.

GO:0009507

CC

chloroplast

A chlorophyll-containing plastid with thylakoids organized into grana and frets, or stroma thylakoids, and embedded in a stroma.

GO:0009735

BP

response to cytokinin

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cytokinin stimulus.

GO:0019899

MF

enzyme binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any enzyme.

GO:0040008

BP

regulation of growth

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the growth of all or part of an organism so that it occurs at its proper speed, either globally or in a specific part of the organism's development.

GO:0048046

CC

apoplast

The cell membranes and intracellular regions in a plant are connected through plasmodesmata, and plants may be described as having two major compartments: the living symplast and the non-living apoplast. The apoplast is external to the plasma membrane and

GO:2000030

BP

regulation of response to red or far red light

Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of response to red or far red light.

Pubmed ID Authors Year Title Journal Description

15866872

Hirai, M.Y., Klein, M., Fujikawa, Y., Yano, M., Goodenowe, D.B., Yamazaki, Y., Kanaya, S., Nakamura, Y., Kitayama, M., Suzuki, H., Sakurai, N., Shibata, D., Tokuhisa, J., Reichelt, M., Gershenzon, J., Papenbrock, J. & Saito, K.

2005

Elucidation of gene-to-gene and metabolite-to-gene networks in arabidopsis by integration of metabolomics and transcriptomics

J Biol Chem

17420480

Hirai, M.Y., Sugiyama, K., Sawada, Y., Tohge, T., Obayashi, T., Suzuki, A., Araki, R., Sakurai, N., Suzuki, H., Aoki, K., Goda, H. & Nishizawa, O.I.

2007

Omics-based identification of Arabidopsis Myb transcription factors regulating aliphatic glucosinolate biosynthesis

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A