SuCComBase

Sulfur Containing Compound Database

SCC Gene Description

Gene name MKK9
AGI ID AT1G73500
Gene length 310
Uniprot ID Q9FX43
Protein Name Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9
Synonym MAP2K9
EC number EC 2.7.12.2
Entrez Gene 843685
Refseq mrna NM_106009
Refseq protein NP_177492
Function MKK9, an MKK, is an upstream activator of the MPKs MPK3 and MPK6 both in vitro and in planta. Expression of active MKK9 protein in transgenic plants induces the synthesis of ethylene and camalexin through the activation of the endogenous MPK3 and MPK6 kinases. MKK9-MPK3/MPK6 cascade participates in the regulation of the biosynthesis of ethylene and camalexin and may be an important axis in the stress responses of Arabidopsis (Xu et al. 2008).
Group Camalexin biosynthesis
Reference Xu et al. (2008)
Organism AGI ID Gene Name Protein Name Identity E-Value Description

Papaya

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

62.222

8.25E-124

Papaya

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

52.788

9.83E-93

Papaya

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

50.929

1.20E-86

Papaya

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

55.556

6.25E-74

Papaya

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

43.841

2.61E-67

Papaya

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

40.59

1.21E-59

Papaya

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

40.794

3.59E-50

Broccoli

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

90.323

0

Broccoli

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

76.471

6.97E-177

Broccoli

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

51.894

2.79E-93

Broccoli

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

51.504

2.62E-91

Broccoli

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

58.201

6.72E-75

Broccoli

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

56.614

4.35E-73

Broccoli

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

40.364

9.76E-64

Broccoli

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

41.455

7.27E-60

Broccoli

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

40.58

5.67E-59

Cabbage

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

90.032

0

Cabbage

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

72.18

4.52E-135

Cabbage

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

85.837

6.30E-125

Cabbage

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

54.789

2.98E-97

Cabbage

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

53.053

2.54E-94

Cabbage

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

51.894

6.53E-93

Cabbage

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

51.504

1.05E-83

Cabbage

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

40.074

3.97E-62

Cabbage

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

41.091

1.45E-58

Cabbage

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

40.221

1.12E-55

Cabbage

AT1G73500

MKK9

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 9

40.58

9.21E-52

GO ID Ontology GO Term Description

GO:0004674

MF

protein serine/threonine kinase activity

Catalysis of the reactions: ATP + protein serine = ADP + protein serine phosphate, and ATP + protein threonine = ADP + protein threonine phosphate.

GO:0004708

MF

MAP kinase kinase activity

Catalysis of the concomitant phosphorylation of threonine (T) and tyrosine (Y) residues in a Thr-Glu-Tyr (TEY) thiolester sequence in a MAP kinase (MAPK) substrate.

GO:0005515

MF

protein binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).

GO:0005524

MF

ATP binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005739

CC

mitochondrion

A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.

GO:0007346

BP

regulation of mitotic cell cycle

Any process that modulates the rate or extent of progress through the mitotic cell cycle.

GO:0009611

BP

response to wounding

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to the organism.

GO:0009620

BP

response to fungus

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a fungus.

GO:0009651

BP

response to salt stress

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating an increase or decrease in the concentration of salt (parti

GO:0009693

BP

ethylene biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ethylene (C2-H4, ethene), a simple hydrocarbon gas that can function in plants as a growth regulator.

GO:0009873

BP

ethylene-activated signaling pathway

A series of molecular signals generated by the reception of ethylene (ethene, C2H4) by a receptor and ending with modulation of a cellular process, e.g. transcription.

GO:0010120

BP

camalexin biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of camalexin, an indole phytoalexin.

GO:0010150

BP

leaf senescence

The process that occurs in a leaf near the end of its active life that is associated with the dismantling of cell components and membranes, loss of functional chloroplasts, and an overall decline in metabolism.

GO:0016301

MF

kinase activity

Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.

GO:0030295

MF

protein kinase activator activity

Binds to and increases the activity of a protein kinase, an enzyme which phosphorylates a protein.

GO:0031098

BP

stress-activated protein kinase signaling cascade

A series of molecular signals in which a stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) cascade relays one or more of the signals.

GO:0045893

BP

positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated

Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.

GO:0046777

BP

protein autophosphorylation

The phosphorylation by a protein of one or more of its own amino acid residues (cis-autophosphorylation), or residues on an identical protein (trans-autophosphorylation).

GO:0004674

MF

protein serine/threonine kinase activity

Catalysis of the reactions: ATP + protein serine = ADP + protein serine phosphate, and ATP + protein threonine = ADP + protein threonine phosphate.

GO:0004708

MF

MAP kinase kinase activity

Catalysis of the concomitant phosphorylation of threonine (T) and tyrosine (Y) residues in a Thr-Glu-Tyr (TEY) thiolester sequence in a MAP kinase (MAPK) substrate.

GO:0005515

MF

protein binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).

GO:0005524

MF

ATP binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005739

CC

mitochondrion

A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.

GO:0007346

BP

regulation of mitotic cell cycle

Any process that modulates the rate or extent of progress through the mitotic cell cycle.

GO:0009611

BP

response to wounding

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to the organism.

GO:0009620

BP

response to fungus

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a fungus.

GO:0009651

BP

response to salt stress

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating an increase or decrease in the concentration of salt (parti

GO:0009693

BP

ethylene biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ethylene (C2-H4, ethene), a simple hydrocarbon gas that can function in plants as a growth regulator.

GO:0009873

BP

ethylene-activated signaling pathway

A series of molecular signals generated by the reception of ethylene (ethene, C2H4) by a receptor and ending with modulation of a cellular process, e.g. transcription.

GO:0010120

BP

camalexin biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of camalexin, an indole phytoalexin.

GO:0010150

BP

leaf senescence

The process that occurs in a leaf near the end of its active life that is associated with the dismantling of cell components and membranes, loss of functional chloroplasts, and an overall decline in metabolism.

GO:0016301

MF

kinase activity

Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.

GO:0030295

MF

protein kinase activator activity

Binds to and increases the activity of a protein kinase, an enzyme which phosphorylates a protein.

GO:0031098

BP

stress-activated protein kinase signaling cascade

A series of molecular signals in which a stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) cascade relays one or more of the signals.

GO:0045893

BP

positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated

Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.

GO:0046777

BP

protein autophosphorylation

The phosphorylation by a protein of one or more of its own amino acid residues (cis-autophosphorylation), or residues on an identical protein (trans-autophosphorylation).

GO:0004674

MF

protein serine/threonine kinase activity

Catalysis of the reactions: ATP + protein serine = ADP + protein serine phosphate, and ATP + protein threonine = ADP + protein threonine phosphate.

GO:0004708

MF

MAP kinase kinase activity

Catalysis of the concomitant phosphorylation of threonine (T) and tyrosine (Y) residues in a Thr-Glu-Tyr (TEY) thiolester sequence in a MAP kinase (MAPK) substrate.

GO:0005515

MF

protein binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).

GO:0005524

MF

ATP binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005739

CC

mitochondrion

A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.

GO:0007346

BP

regulation of mitotic cell cycle

Any process that modulates the rate or extent of progress through the mitotic cell cycle.

GO:0009611

BP

response to wounding

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to the organism.

GO:0009620

BP

response to fungus

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a fungus.

GO:0009651

BP

response to salt stress

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating an increase or decrease in the concentration of salt (parti

GO:0009693

BP

ethylene biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ethylene (C2-H4, ethene), a simple hydrocarbon gas that can function in plants as a growth regulator.

GO:0009873

BP

ethylene-activated signaling pathway

A series of molecular signals generated by the reception of ethylene (ethene, C2H4) by a receptor and ending with modulation of a cellular process, e.g. transcription.

GO:0010120

BP

camalexin biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of camalexin, an indole phytoalexin.

GO:0010150

BP

leaf senescence

The process that occurs in a leaf near the end of its active life that is associated with the dismantling of cell components and membranes, loss of functional chloroplasts, and an overall decline in metabolism.

GO:0016301

MF

kinase activity

Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.

GO:0030295

MF

protein kinase activator activity

Binds to and increases the activity of a protein kinase, an enzyme which phosphorylates a protein.

GO:0031098

BP

stress-activated protein kinase signaling cascade

A series of molecular signals in which a stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) cascade relays one or more of the signals.

GO:0045893

BP

positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated

Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.

GO:0046777

BP

protein autophosphorylation

The phosphorylation by a protein of one or more of its own amino acid residues (cis-autophosphorylation), or residues on an identical protein (trans-autophosphorylation).

GO:0004674

MF

protein serine/threonine kinase activity

Catalysis of the reactions: ATP + protein serine = ADP + protein serine phosphate, and ATP + protein threonine = ADP + protein threonine phosphate.

GO:0004708

MF

MAP kinase kinase activity

Catalysis of the concomitant phosphorylation of threonine (T) and tyrosine (Y) residues in a Thr-Glu-Tyr (TEY) thiolester sequence in a MAP kinase (MAPK) substrate.

GO:0005515

MF

protein binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).

GO:0005524

MF

ATP binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005739

CC

mitochondrion

A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.

GO:0007346

BP

regulation of mitotic cell cycle

Any process that modulates the rate or extent of progress through the mitotic cell cycle.

GO:0009611

BP

response to wounding

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to the organism.

GO:0009620

BP

response to fungus

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a fungus.

GO:0009651

BP

response to salt stress

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating an increase or decrease in the concentration of salt (parti

GO:0009693

BP

ethylene biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ethylene (C2-H4, ethene), a simple hydrocarbon gas that can function in plants as a growth regulator.

GO:0009873

BP

ethylene-activated signaling pathway

A series of molecular signals generated by the reception of ethylene (ethene, C2H4) by a receptor and ending with modulation of a cellular process, e.g. transcription.

GO:0010120

BP

camalexin biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of camalexin, an indole phytoalexin.

GO:0010150

BP

leaf senescence

The process that occurs in a leaf near the end of its active life that is associated with the dismantling of cell components and membranes, loss of functional chloroplasts, and an overall decline in metabolism.

GO:0016301

MF

kinase activity

Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.

GO:0030295

MF

protein kinase activator activity

Binds to and increases the activity of a protein kinase, an enzyme which phosphorylates a protein.

GO:0031098

BP

stress-activated protein kinase signaling cascade

A series of molecular signals in which a stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) cascade relays one or more of the signals.

GO:0045893

BP

positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated

Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.

GO:0046777

BP

protein autophosphorylation

The phosphorylation by a protein of one or more of its own amino acid residues (cis-autophosphorylation), or residues on an identical protein (trans-autophosphorylation).

GO:0004674

MF

protein serine/threonine kinase activity

Catalysis of the reactions: ATP + protein serine = ADP + protein serine phosphate, and ATP + protein threonine = ADP + protein threonine phosphate.

GO:0004708

MF

MAP kinase kinase activity

Catalysis of the concomitant phosphorylation of threonine (T) and tyrosine (Y) residues in a Thr-Glu-Tyr (TEY) thiolester sequence in a MAP kinase (MAPK) substrate.

GO:0005515

MF

protein binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).

GO:0005524

MF

ATP binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005739

CC

mitochondrion

A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.

GO:0007346

BP

regulation of mitotic cell cycle

Any process that modulates the rate or extent of progress through the mitotic cell cycle.

GO:0009611

BP

response to wounding

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to the organism.

GO:0009620

BP

response to fungus

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a fungus.

GO:0009651

BP

response to salt stress

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating an increase or decrease in the concentration of salt (parti

GO:0009693

BP

ethylene biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ethylene (C2-H4, ethene), a simple hydrocarbon gas that can function in plants as a growth regulator.

GO:0009873

BP

ethylene-activated signaling pathway

A series of molecular signals generated by the reception of ethylene (ethene, C2H4) by a receptor and ending with modulation of a cellular process, e.g. transcription.

GO:0010120

BP

camalexin biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of camalexin, an indole phytoalexin.

GO:0010150

BP

leaf senescence

The process that occurs in a leaf near the end of its active life that is associated with the dismantling of cell components and membranes, loss of functional chloroplasts, and an overall decline in metabolism.

GO:0016301

MF

kinase activity

Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.

GO:0030295

MF

protein kinase activator activity

Binds to and increases the activity of a protein kinase, an enzyme which phosphorylates a protein.

GO:0031098

BP

stress-activated protein kinase signaling cascade

A series of molecular signals in which a stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) cascade relays one or more of the signals.

GO:0045893

BP

positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated

Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.

GO:0046777

BP

protein autophosphorylation

The phosphorylation by a protein of one or more of its own amino acid residues (cis-autophosphorylation), or residues on an identical protein (trans-autophosphorylation).

GO:0004674

MF

protein serine/threonine kinase activity

Catalysis of the reactions: ATP + protein serine = ADP + protein serine phosphate, and ATP + protein threonine = ADP + protein threonine phosphate.

GO:0004708

MF

MAP kinase kinase activity

Catalysis of the concomitant phosphorylation of threonine (T) and tyrosine (Y) residues in a Thr-Glu-Tyr (TEY) thiolester sequence in a MAP kinase (MAPK) substrate.

GO:0005515

MF

protein binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).

GO:0005524

MF

ATP binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005739

CC

mitochondrion

A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.

GO:0007346

BP

regulation of mitotic cell cycle

Any process that modulates the rate or extent of progress through the mitotic cell cycle.

GO:0009611

BP

response to wounding

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to the organism.

GO:0009620

BP

response to fungus

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a fungus.

GO:0009651

BP

response to salt stress

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating an increase or decrease in the concentration of salt (parti

GO:0009693

BP

ethylene biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ethylene (C2-H4, ethene), a simple hydrocarbon gas that can function in plants as a growth regulator.

GO:0009873

BP

ethylene-activated signaling pathway

A series of molecular signals generated by the reception of ethylene (ethene, C2H4) by a receptor and ending with modulation of a cellular process, e.g. transcription.

GO:0010120

BP

camalexin biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of camalexin, an indole phytoalexin.

GO:0010150

BP

leaf senescence

The process that occurs in a leaf near the end of its active life that is associated with the dismantling of cell components and membranes, loss of functional chloroplasts, and an overall decline in metabolism.

GO:0016301

MF

kinase activity

Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.

GO:0030295

MF

protein kinase activator activity

Binds to and increases the activity of a protein kinase, an enzyme which phosphorylates a protein.

GO:0031098

BP

stress-activated protein kinase signaling cascade

A series of molecular signals in which a stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) cascade relays one or more of the signals.

GO:0045893

BP

positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated

Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.

GO:0046777

BP

protein autophosphorylation

The phosphorylation by a protein of one or more of its own amino acid residues (cis-autophosphorylation), or residues on an identical protein (trans-autophosphorylation).

GO:0004674

MF

protein serine/threonine kinase activity

Catalysis of the reactions: ATP + protein serine = ADP + protein serine phosphate, and ATP + protein threonine = ADP + protein threonine phosphate.

GO:0004708

MF

MAP kinase kinase activity

Catalysis of the concomitant phosphorylation of threonine (T) and tyrosine (Y) residues in a Thr-Glu-Tyr (TEY) thiolester sequence in a MAP kinase (MAPK) substrate.

GO:0005515

MF

protein binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).

GO:0005524

MF

ATP binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005739

CC

mitochondrion

A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.

GO:0007346

BP

regulation of mitotic cell cycle

Any process that modulates the rate or extent of progress through the mitotic cell cycle.

GO:0009611

BP

response to wounding

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to the organism.

GO:0009620

BP

response to fungus

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a fungus.

GO:0009651

BP

response to salt stress

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating an increase or decrease in the concentration of salt (parti

GO:0009693

BP

ethylene biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ethylene (C2-H4, ethene), a simple hydrocarbon gas that can function in plants as a growth regulator.

GO:0009873

BP

ethylene-activated signaling pathway

A series of molecular signals generated by the reception of ethylene (ethene, C2H4) by a receptor and ending with modulation of a cellular process, e.g. transcription.

GO:0010120

BP

camalexin biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of camalexin, an indole phytoalexin.

GO:0010150

BP

leaf senescence

The process that occurs in a leaf near the end of its active life that is associated with the dismantling of cell components and membranes, loss of functional chloroplasts, and an overall decline in metabolism.

GO:0016301

MF

kinase activity

Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.

GO:0030295

MF

protein kinase activator activity

Binds to and increases the activity of a protein kinase, an enzyme which phosphorylates a protein.

GO:0031098

BP

stress-activated protein kinase signaling cascade

A series of molecular signals in which a stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) cascade relays one or more of the signals.

GO:0045893

BP

positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated

Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.

GO:0046777

BP

protein autophosphorylation

The phosphorylation by a protein of one or more of its own amino acid residues (cis-autophosphorylation), or residues on an identical protein (trans-autophosphorylation).

GO:0004674

MF

protein serine/threonine kinase activity

Catalysis of the reactions: ATP + protein serine = ADP + protein serine phosphate, and ATP + protein threonine = ADP + protein threonine phosphate.

GO:0004708

MF

MAP kinase kinase activity

Catalysis of the concomitant phosphorylation of threonine (T) and tyrosine (Y) residues in a Thr-Glu-Tyr (TEY) thiolester sequence in a MAP kinase (MAPK) substrate.

GO:0005515

MF

protein binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).

GO:0005524

MF

ATP binding

Interacting selectively and non-covalently with ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator.

GO:0005634

CC

nucleus

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some

GO:0005737

CC

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

GO:0005739

CC

mitochondrion

A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.

GO:0007346

BP

regulation of mitotic cell cycle

Any process that modulates the rate or extent of progress through the mitotic cell cycle.

GO:0009611

BP

response to wounding

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to the organism.

GO:0009620

BP

response to fungus

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a fungus.

GO:0009651

BP

response to salt stress

Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating an increase or decrease in the concentration of salt (parti

GO:0009693

BP

ethylene biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ethylene (C2-H4, ethene), a simple hydrocarbon gas that can function in plants as a growth regulator.

GO:0009873

BP

ethylene-activated signaling pathway

A series of molecular signals generated by the reception of ethylene (ethene, C2H4) by a receptor and ending with modulation of a cellular process, e.g. transcription.

GO:0010120

BP

camalexin biosynthetic process

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of camalexin, an indole phytoalexin.

GO:0010150

BP

leaf senescence

The process that occurs in a leaf near the end of its active life that is associated with the dismantling of cell components and membranes, loss of functional chloroplasts, and an overall decline in metabolism.

GO:0016301

MF

kinase activity

Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.

GO:0030295

MF

protein kinase activator activity

Binds to and increases the activity of a protein kinase, an enzyme which phosphorylates a protein.

GO:0031098

BP

stress-activated protein kinase signaling cascade

A series of molecular signals in which a stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) cascade relays one or more of the signals.

GO:0045893

BP

positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated

Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.

GO:0046777

BP

protein autophosphorylation

The phosphorylation by a protein of one or more of its own amino acid residues (cis-autophosphorylation), or residues on an identical protein (trans-autophosphorylation).

Pubmed ID Authors Year Title Journal Description

18693252

Xu, J., Li, Y., Wang, Y., Liu, H., Lei, L., Yang, H., Liu, G. and Ren, D.

2008

Activation of MAPK kinase 9 induces ethylene and camalexin biosynthesis and enhances sensitivity to salt stress in Arabidopsis.

J Biol Chem